ᐉ How To Cite Sources in an Essay ️ How to Properly Cite a Source

Learn how to create an annotated bibliography for a class assignment or for your own use as a researcher and writer. Page numbers should be included within parentheses after the year of publication. When organizations or corporate authors are the author of a text, the name of the organization may be shortened to its most basic title. One study found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. 85). “This article helped me know the proper way to cite my essay.” Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 538,625 times. For more advice from our Creative Writing reviewer, including how to cite an essay in APA or Chicago Style, keep reading.

citation essay example

Please see the following sample essay for an example block quote. Listing your sources at the end of your essay in the Works Cited is only the first step in complete to kill a mockingbird essay and effective documentation. You must also cite, in the body of your essay, the source your paraphrased information or where directly quoted material came from.

How Each Citation Style Uses the Different In

The following essay will provide a discussion of the importance of APA style referencing within psychological literature but also in terms of consistency within academic essays. In addition to this, this essay can be used as a basic guide for students to properly cite and reference an essay using this particular referencing style. To this end, all sources will be cited and referenced within this essay in APA style. If you’re writing a research paper, whether as a student or a professional researcher, you might want to use an essay as a source. You’ll typically find essays published in another source, such as an edited book or collection. When you discuss or quote from the essay in your paper, use an in-text citation to relate back to the full entry listed in your list of references at the end of your paper.

citation essay example

Login to access tools for note-taking, outlining, and citation. Version — this section refers to types within each section of the publication. Add the names of translators or editors in the contributors’ section of the citation. Title — all words should start with capitalized letters, and the whole title needs to be italicized. When there are no numbered patterns at all, mention only the name of the author. When you are making a citation and don’t know the exact page number, use other metrics such as chapters or paragraphs. The manual states, “There are two ways of in-text citation” (Smith, 2005, p. 26).

Electronic sources

There should be no underlines or quotation marks on the title. Your references should also appear on a new page separate from the rest of the academic writing. If the source has no publication date, as is the case with electronic sources, write “n.d.” in place. The focus and purpose of this essay is to provide a short and concentrated introduction to the concept of Harvard Referencing and the reasons behind its significance. Furthermore, the essay will also acutely demonstrate how the Harvard referencing system is best integrated in report form.

  1. For works such as novels, plays and other classic works, it’s helpful to provide further identifying information along with the page information.
  2. Type the year the larger work was published in parentheses after the name of the author.
  3. The full name of the group or corporation should be included in place of the author’s name.
  4. When learning how to write an academic essay with references, you must identify reliable sources that support your argument.
  5. In subsequent citations, use only the surname of the first author followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” (e.g., Strine and others).
  6. There are some general rules MLA citation style uses when dealing with parenthetical citations.

At Studybay, I use my knowledge, skills, and experience to develop helpful solutions for students and make their study paths more productive and fun. If the same author appears as the first author in multiple references, arrange them alphabetically by the second author’s last name. The name may be shortened to its most basic title when the authors are a corporation or organization.


The next one should be introduced by the word “and” and be in standard form. When there are more than 3 authors, you only need to indicate the first one and put “et al” after it. The page number or numbers should be included in parentheses after the quote, either alone or following the author’s last name. All the citation rules might seem too complicated, especially if you haven’t dealt with them before. One of the reasons for that could be the fact that students neglect to buy a corresponding style manual or to consult with their tutor. I didn’t realize that the APA style could be used to mention your chosen resource within the text of your paper.

citation essay example

Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. If a text has more than three authors, the term “et al.” with no additional punctuation marks may be used after the first author listed in the publication credits. For further information on citing sources using the Chicago style, see The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed.

Struggling With Citing a Paper on Your Own?

Write the name of the first author listed and then use the abbreviation “et. al.” Type introducing quotes in essays the year the larger work was published in parentheses after the name of the author.

The winning essays were selected as examples of excellent student writing that use MLA style for citing sources. You will find a lot more rules related to the citation style you’re using because there are many types of sources and exceptions to those sources. So, by acquiring how to write a commentary essay a fresh style manual, you’ll be on the safe side when it comes to citing and paraphrasing in your essay. To cite in an essay, using APA style, you will need to include the author’s name, the date of publication, and the page number where you found the information.

Image in MLA Format

Please see the following sample essay for different kinds of signal phrases and parenthetical in-text citations, which correspond with the sample Works Cited page at the end. The Writing Center also has a handout on signal phrases with many different verb options.

A title fragment should be used to make a connection between the use of the source and the citation for the source on the Works Cited page. Note that the format of the title on the Works Cited sheet should be mirrored in the in-text citation. Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author, use the title in place of an author. For citations in prose, use the first name and surname of the author (e.g., Mary Strine).

What is Harvard Referencing? Origin & Definition

Learning how to write an academic essay with references and how to use in-text citations will allow you to cite authors who have made similar arguments. This helps show that your argument is objective and not entirely based on personal biases. Citations how to introduce a quote in an essay examples tell readers where a piece of information came from. They take the form of footnotes, endnotes, or parenthetical elements, depending on your style guide. In-text citations are usually placed at the end of a sentence containing the relevant information.

  1. Title of database, DOI or URL — only included for online articles.
  2. I will use it for the 7th edition of my magazine which is to be published in the New York Times very soon.
  3. Type the title of the larger work in italics, also using title case.
  4. When using direct quotations of 40 or more words, indent five spaces from the left margin without using quotation marks.
  5. If the essay has a subtitle, type a colon at the end of the title and then type the subtitle, also in sentence case.
  6. An example of how to appropriately cite a Harvard referenced direct quote is as follows; “The concept of human resource management basically contains three elements that refer to successful people management.
  7. For more information on citing works by multiple authors see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines page on in-text citation.

Butler et al further argue that this is a key area where students can attain higher marks in an assignment scenario. Indeed, there are several areas in relation to Harvard referencing format where students can excel and/or underperform. For example, Cottrell asserts that one of the key problems students face in the successful implementation of the Harvard referencing system is in citing one or more authors for a direct quote and/or reference. The correct way to do so when citing two authors is to state the author’s surname and then intersect the surname of the second author with an ampersand . A key aspect of the Harvard referencing system is in giving due credit to the original authors of sourced information . Turabian et al assert that when stating a direct quote from an author of a journal or a book, the researcher must use quotation marks and reference the page number.

Why is Harvard Referencing Important?

Writers, especially non-English language speakers, tend to have a lot of issues with citing the books, publications, or papers they used in their writing. As an ESL myself, I know that referencing is basically inexistent in my school curriculum. This was worth the read and I have learned so much which I’ll practice when I write next. List the sources in chronological order from the earliest to the latest for multiple sources written by the same author or authors listed in the same order. You may use the Chicago Style formats for endnotes and parenthetical references. With Chicago Documentation Style 1, the research sources are indicated in the text with a numerical subscript corresponding to an entry at the end of the paper. In some cases, footnotes are required and allowed for referencing in-text citations.

Paraphrasing means using your own words to give information from a source. Providing an in-text citation, in this case, helps avoid the notion that you’re taking credit for someone else’s work or ideas. These guidelines are used for all citations, whether it’s referencing a video, journal article, or report. Citations are placed in-text or at the end in a reference list.

Subsequent entries will have three hyphens in place of the name. In APA, if the sources are from the same year, you can add a lowercase letter to the publication year and order them alphabetically. You should generally follow the same pattern for citing written sources when citing online ones. Therefore, you should provide the name of the author, year, page title, name of the sponsor site , day month year of access, and the URL. If there are multiple works by the same author from the same year, add a letter to the year, such as , then list the references alphabetically by title.

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